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- Cheyenne (/ÃŠÂƒaÃ‰ÂªÃ‹ÂˆÃƒÂ¦n/ shy-AN) are an indigenous people of the Great Plains, who are of the Algonquian language family. The Cheyenne Nation is composed of two tribes, the SÃƒÂ³'taeo'o (more commonly spelled as Suhtai or Sutaio) and the TsÃƒÂ©tsÃƒÂªhÃƒÂ©stÃƒÂ¢hese (more commonly spelled as Tsitsistas). These merged to form a unified nation in the early 19th century. Today Cheyenne people are split geographically, the Southern Cheyenne in Oklahoma and the Northern Cheyenne in Montana. Both are enrolled, federally recognized tribes. The Cheyenne are thought to have branched off other tribes of Algonquian stock inhabiting lands around the Great Lakes in present-day Minnesota, perhaps ca. 1500. In historic times they moved west, migrating across the Mississippi River and into North and South Dakota. During the early 19th century, the Cheyenne formed a unified tribe, with more centralized authority through ritual ceremonies and structure than other Plains Indians. Having settled the Black Hills of South Dakota and the Powder River Country of present-day Montana, they introduced the horse culture to Lakota (Sioux) bands about 1730. Allied with the Arapaho, the Cheyenne pushed the Kiowa to the South. In turn, they were pushed west by the more numerous Lakota.